Punjab Property Tax Project


Increasing tax collection is an area of focus globally. In Pakistan, tax collection, and property tax in particular, is a substantial issue even relative to other developing countries. Property tax collection in Punjab is roughly a fifth of the level of developing countries (World Bank, 2006). For 5 years Excise and Taxation Department (E&T) Punjab worked with Centre for Economic Research Pakistan (CERP) and its team of international researchers from Harvard University, London School of Economics and M.I.T. to improve performance tax collection. The collaboration focused on two distinct projects: Performance Pay Project, and Merit-Based Transfers and Posting Project, that were designed to improve tax collector performance by introducing performance based human resource reforms.

Principal Investigators

Dr. Asim Khwaja, Harvard University
Dr. Adnan Qadir Khan, London School of Economics
Benjamin Olken, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Partners and Funders

Punjab Excise and Taxation Department
Punjab Finance Department

Project Period

2010 - 2016


Making Moves Matter: Experimental Evidence on Incentivizing Bureaucrats through Performance-Based Postings
Policy Reform Experiment in Urban Immovable Property Tax in Punjab