Round Table on Crime Mapping
When: 12th September, 2012
Where: Lahore, Pakistan
CERP hosted a roundtable on crime mapping in collaboration with the Technology for People Initiative (TPI), Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Institute of Development and Economic Alternatives (IDEAS) and Punjab Police. The roundtable was aimed at bringing together prominent researchers and senior police officers to discuss the issues involved in monitoring and evaluation of crime and crime mapping in Punjab. The agenda of the roundtable was to come up with operational items to improve evaluation capacity of Punjab police on crime data of Punjab in general and Lahore in particular. After multiple rounds of deliberation, the group achieved consensus on a number of operational items including cost effective ways of mapping, GIS mapping and training of police personnel in M&E methods.
The dialogue revolved around policy and operational issues related to crime statistics and their evaluation namely: crime mapping and its implementation, police station jurisdictions, digitisation of crime records, design of evaluation study for crime reduction and training of police personnel in monitoring and evaluation (M&E). Salient points that were discussed during the round table were:
Mapping of sample police stations including finding boundaries of various police jurisdictions. Furthermore a new classification of jurisdiction by ‘sub-beats’ was also introduced.
Introducing methods to improve crime mapping within the sample police stations through deployment of maps whereby physical indication the crime incidents would lead to an emerging of spatial crime patterns.
Other strategies such as developing applications for smart phone, GIS devices and Geo-coding were also discussed. Digitization of crime records for a representative sample of seven police stations in Lahore.
Designing an evaluation strategy for reducing crime incidence by improving mechanisms for citizen reporting as well as introducing effective monitoring techniques. Meeting with different stakeholders regarding digitisation of FIR registration and possible ways to improve this record keeping.
The following activities were listed as possible action points that can be implemented in future to improve capacity building of the police department:
Training of police personnel in M&E methods
Designing forms and procedures for tracking, reporting and follow up of crime incidents
Analysing patterns for drawing samples and understanding the variation of crime across different neighborhood types
Understanding the Pakistan Penal Code for accurate classification of crime
The round table has resulted in an extensive collaboration project between the Punjab Police, CERP, IDEAS and LUMS to conduct spatial crime mapping exercises, conducting training of police staff to improve their M&E capacity, and initiate various evaluation projects focusing rural and urban crime trends by crime type.